I did fieldwork with Roma people in Romania. I first worked on the vocabulary of "cunning" (şmecherie) and "slyness" (ciorănie) used by Roma professional musicians (lăutari). These musicians use such words to denote general attitudes but also analytically, to point to specific musical operations. They treat tunes in a modular way, allowing for many recombinations, one of the incentives to recombine being to add more "cunning tricks" – if you’re a virtuoso — or remove some — if you can’t play them and need to build up something simpler. For this research I stayed extensively in the village Zece Prăjini, near the city of Iaşi, North-East of the country, generously hosted by the Panţiru family core of the Shukar Brass Band. Here is one of the tunes they play.

This is typical of the moldavian brass band style, which is quite different from the serbian/macedonian one : heavy harmonic section, heterophonic melodic section (no parallel thirds here, no solo either), and a relaxed meter (one of the bars is 6 beats long instead of 4). This kind of tune is made of melodic motives which are also found recombined in other tunes. Observe also that the second part here is built on the motive from the end of the first part, in a domino-like succession